miércoles, 26 de noviembre de 2014

El Salvador: La Guerra Civil y La Mara Salvatrucha


I am continuing to love using the leveled-cultural-novels from TPRS Publishing. This is why I love using them:
  • They tell engaging stories.
  • They include tons of cultural connections.
  • They are comprehensible.
  • There are so many connections that can be made to other authentic resources
  • The Teacher Guides are very useful with pre and post questions, slideshows, and a wide variety of activities to do with the books.
  • Some of my favorites so far are: La Llorona de Mazatlán, Robo en la noche, Noche de Oro, La Hija del Sastre, Esperanza, Felipe Alou, Noches Misteriosas en Granada and La Calaca Alegre (haven't used this one in class yet... but I will!). And I'm looking forward to new ones too!
In our next unit in Cultura y Civilización, we will be using the book Vida y Muerte en la Mara Salvatrucha. This book is a bit heavy, but I think it will be engaging and students will think about and process a variety of topics. It will also be a great segue to our immigration unit. These are the essential questions for the unit (thanks to Crystal Barragán for some of these):
  1. ¿Cuáles fueron las causas detrás de la guerra civil en El Salvador? ¿Cuáles fueron los dos lados opuestos en la guerra civil en El Salvador? ¿Cuáles son las repercusiones de una guerra así (con niños soldados)? ¿Qué pasó a las personas ordinarias que vivían en el medio del conflicto durante la guerra civil?
  2. ¿Cómo se formó la pandilla Mara Salvatrucha o MS-13? ¿Por qué existen las pandillas? ¿Por qué se juntan algunos jóvenes a las pandillas? ¿Por qué es tan difícil salir de las pandillas?
  3. ¿Por qué a algunos jóvenes les interesan / les fascinan los pandilleros y la cultura de las pandillas? ¿Por qué es la cultura de las pandillas glorificada dentro de la cultura popular? ¿Cuáles son las consecuencias de eso?
  4. ¿Cuáles son las consecuencias de los conflictos en otros países para los Estados Unidos?
In order to understand how La Mara Salvatrucha formed, we are going to spend a week learning about the civil war in El Salvador. The main resource for doing this is the movie Voces Inocentes. 
I have compiled resources from Spark Your Enthusiasm (including this this movie packet) and I also created discussion questions to go over the movie as we watch it. The movie is a bit heavy, so to break it up, we will be learning some of the songs from the movie soundtrack, including these:  Mi país, Casas de Cartón, La cumbia del brinquito (super-pegajosa!), y la de la mochila azul (super tierna). I particularly love these two:
La cumbia del brinquito
La de la mochila azul

At the end of the week, students will have a speaking assessment. They will have to tell me a summary of what happened in the movie.

After that, we will read the book Vida y Muerte en la Mara Salvatrucha. The Teacher's Guide is very helpful! To focus on Essential Question #3, we are going to use two songs. One is "Soy Raka" by Los Rakas (idea from Carrie Toth) and in opposition to that song we will study "Adentro" by Calle 13. I might also include "Sueño americano" by Los Rakas (Zachary Jones has a great worksheet to go along with the song).

For the end of unit assessments, this is what I have planned. There are three options and students will choose one of the following. (I may decide to change this as the unit progresses.)
  • Make an infografía or a presentation that shows how the movie "Voces Inocentes" connects with the book Vida y Muerte en la Mara Salvatrucha. Focus on answering Essential Questions within the context of the resources.
  • Write a an illustrated fictional story (draw or make a presentation) about someone from El Salvador who lived through the guerra civil and eventually immigrated to the United States. Use elements of the movie "Voces Inocentes" and the book Vida y Muerte en la Mara Salvatrucha.  Within your story, focus on answering the Essential Questions.
  • Make an infografía or a presentation that focuses on the music of the unit. Use at least two of the songs from the unit and show how lines from the songs relate to the movie "Voces Inocentes" and the book Vida y Muerte en la Mara Salvatrucha. Focus on answering the Essential Questions.
Have you used this book in class? Do you have any suggestions or ideas? I have also found some great Pinterest boards with resources for the book, including this one from Sharon Birch/

**Update** I created this slideshow that describes in very basic words a bit of El Salvador's history and the civil war. It is a simplified version, but it is comprehensible to my students. We went over it before starting the movie. Also, students listened to this NPR podcast (in English) the night before we started the movie and took notes in Spanish.

**Another Update** I created this vocabulary sheet with vocabulary words for each chapter. We will go over the words and fill in the English before we read each chapter. Many of the words they will know, but because there is a very wide variety of levels in the classroom, this will help to make is comprehensible for all students. The words are in the order that they appear. The Teacher's Guide does include a list too, but this format will make it easier for my students and me.

22 comentarios:

  1. Hello and thank you for sharing this information and your resources! I was wondering if there was a way to download your Google Slide presentation above on the Civil War. If you are willing to share, I would love to use it for my classes and modify a few things. Or perhaps it is available through other means? Thank you!

    1. Try this https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1LM81K6iNy7FmB3ROt7uP0S4VdfaIt9m_mPnIWEcy5yY/edit?usp=sharing and make a copy. Let me know if it works, if not I can share it via email. Just leave you email.

      Please share what you modify! Thanks

    2. The link worked. I'll share! Thank you!

    3. I haven't finished the ppt. yet but I'll share when I do! Also, how to you show the movie to your students? Spanish with English subtitles? Thanks!

    4. Okay, great! In the past, we have watched in Spanish with English subtitles... but I might change that, depending on the group.

  2. than you sooooooo much for sharing your presentation! It saved me so much work! I am starting La vida y muerte shortly with my spanish V and will be going over the guerra civil first. You are a gem!

    1. You're welcome! Please let me know if you have any improvements and/or suggestions.

  3. Thank you so much for sharing such wonderful resources. I've taught Voces Inocentes (along with Vida y Muerte novel) for many years and it continues to be my favorite unit of all time. You and Mike Peto have inspired me to do more with the songs from the movie this year (before we watch the movie. I also like Razones and made this cloze activity in case you would like to use it: https://docs.google.com/document/d/15FJaf94yMwjdSSUSUp63WHI9IdIQJS9NzLkHMkmFWo0/edit

    I'm first going to show students this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QILRfC08SdU
    and have them predict what Chava may have found down by the river (piece of cloth) and who it might be from
    Then have students listen again and complete the cloze acty.
    I'll use this video to conclude so ss can see the lyrics: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4uHZ8fWThXY

    1. Thanks so much for sharing back! I really appreciate it!

  4. Thank you so much for sharing so freely. I have taught both the movie and "Vida y muerte" for a couple of years now and knew I needed more background on the FMLN. I appreciate that you just saved me a ton of work by sharing your slideshow. You do great work. Saludos.

  5. One of my other favorite parts of the unit is the oral assessment I do. I love sitting as the observer and being able to watch students talk, reflect, question, defend, support etc. all in their second language! I have not done this at lower levels but with Sp 4's I've been very pleased. Since they've never done this before the first one we do at the beginning of the year is in English just so they can see and feel how it goes. I often get end of year student evals that say this is their favorite activity/assessment b/c they feel so proud of what they can do impromptu with the language (yes they can come prepared with some questions ahead of time but if they really want a higher grade/better participation among the group they actually have to listen to what each other is saying/asking and then be able to take turns and answer spontaneously which is the rewarding part for them (and for the teacher!) to see that they're doing in their 2nd language what they do so effortlessly in their first language)
    Harkness Discussion Explanation:

    Harkess Discussion Map (I write students names down in the order that they are sitting in an oval/circle) and then keep track of points by their names throughout the discussion):

    Discussion info for students for the Voces Inocentes Harkness Discussion: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1C4wwea25zjHn1A2fEqv_nXFvTYI6LHRGpkl_4LAm7kU/edit

    Hope this all makes sense!

  6. Hello!
    I too would like to download your google slide presentation for my Spanish IV student, if that is okay. I bought La Vida y Muerte for my 3 Spanish IV students, but alas due to scheduling, only one could take the class (combined with Spanish III). He will be reading the book on his own. His grandparents immigrated from El Salvador so the topic may be extra sensitive for his family. Thank you for your excellent resources!

  7. Your slideshow saved me hours trying to make sense of all of the sources on the war. Gracias! When you do the vocabulary on the sheet you provided, do you just tell them the definition in English or do you have another way to present it?

  8. Thank you so much for sharing, Kara. If it is okay, I updated the last slide to introduce the new president of El Salvador and I also updated some facts over the economy. If you see any errors, please do not hesitate to change. https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/10y_l4ny62wxMDQACr58hZFPX13xiXxMIXx66JsR2i9U/edit#slide=id.p

    1. Hello! Thank you for sharing, but I can't access the slideshow.

      I haven't used this unit in so long - I need to get back to it!

    2. I allowed it to be shareable. Let me know if you are still having difficulties. Gracias.

  9. Do you show Voces Inocentes in Spanish with English subtitles?

  10. I'm having a hard time finding where to stream Voces Inocentes or even buy the DVD. On Amazon Prime it says not available in my area. If anyone has any suggestions, I'd appreciate it!

    1. You could buy the DVD: https://www.amazon.com/Innocent-Voices-Inocentes-REGION-AMERICA/dp/B000KOXS0A